From the very moment that nuclear weapons were invented, it excites the minds of scientists, politicians and scares ordinary people. After all, humanity has already perfectly realized what role this deadly tool can play in the history of our planet. Below is a list of ten interesting facts about nuclear weapons.

In 1961, the United States accidentally dropped an atomic bomb over its own country (the city of Goldsboro in North Carolina) with a capacity of 250 times the power of the bomb dropped on Hiroshima. Fortunately, it did not explode, otherwise, within a radius of 14 km, any life would disappear within a second.

In the event of an atomic war, along with the already fatal consequences, a "nuclear winter" would ensue. Dust, smoke and soot raised into the atmosphere would reflect sunlight, and therefore the temperature on Earth would drop to -20 degrees Celsius.

South Africa is the only country to voluntarily agree to destroy its nuclear weapons. Other states agreed to stop its further distribution, except for five, namely India, Pakistan, Israel, North Korea and South Sudan.

If you detonate an atomic bomb at an altitude of 45 km above the United States, this would lead to a power outage throughout the country. A similar test in 1962 caused a broadcast failure in Hawaii over a total area of ​​1,500 km.

Israeli nuclear technician Mordechai Vanunu in 1986 revealed the secret nuclear program of Israel. But before he managed to make her public, he was lured to Rome by an Israeli agent, and there Vanuna was kidnapped and sentenced to 18 years in prison.

The Marshall Islands environment in the 1950s was exposed to more than 60 US tests. Even today, in places of radiation tens times exceeds the permissible norm.

The United States and Russia own about 90% of the globally estimated 17,000 nuclear weapons. If only 0.03% of bombs were blown up in big cities, this would have caused a six-year "nuclear winter" and the death of all mankind.

About 200 thousand people died during the bombing of Herasima and Nagasaki. It is interesting that the only officially recognized person who survived both atomic bombings is the Japanese Tsutomu Yamaguchi.

In fact, 11 atomic bombs were lost in the United States. For example, one American politician claimed that several hundred nuclear units disappeared in the USSR. Only in 2001, terrorists twice tried to seize Russian nuclear weapons.

October 30, 1961 there was a test of the Soviet "Tsar bomb" - the largest aviation thermonuclear bomb that has ever existed. According to various estimates, the explosion power ranged from 75 to 120 megatons of TNT. For comparison: the Sun radiates 5 thousand megatons of energy in one second. The results of the explosion were also impressive - the nuclear "mushroom" rose to a height of 64 kilometers (according to US observation stations), the shock wave circled the globe three times, and electromagnetic radiation after the explosion caused radio interference for one hour.